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Interactive Visual Analysis of Multi-faceted Scientific Data

Johannes Kehrer

PHDTHESIS, Mar, 2011

Abstract

Visualization plays an important role in exploring, analyzing and presenting large and heterogeneous scientific data that arise in many disciplines of medicine, research, engineering, and others. We can see that model and data scenarios are becoming increasingly multi-faceted: data are often multi-variate and time-dependent, they stem from different data sources (multi-modal data), from multiple simulation runs (multi-run data), or from multi-physics simulations of interacting phenomena that consist of coupled simulation models (multi-model data). The different data characteristics result in special challenges for visualization research and interactive visual analysis. The data are usually large and come on various types of grids with different resolution that need to be fused in the visual analysis. This thesis deals with different aspects of the interactive visual analysis of multi-faceted scientific data. The main contributions of this thesis are: 1) a number of novel approaches and strategies for the interactive visual analysis of multi-run data; 2) a concept that enables the feature-based visual analysis across an interface between interrelated parts of heterogeneous scientific data (including data from multi-run and multi-physics simulations); 3) a model for visual analysis that is based on the computation of traditional and robust estimates of statistical moments from higher-dimensional multi-run data; 4) procedures for visual exploration of time-dependent climate data that support the rapid generation of promising hypotheses, which are subsequently evaluated with statistics; and 5) structured design guidelines for glyph-based 3D visualization of multi-variate data together with a novel glyph. All these approaches are incorporated in a single framework for interactive visual analysis that uses powerful concepts such as coordinated multiple views, feature specification via brushing, and focus+context visualization. Especially the data derivation mechanism of the framework has proven to be very useful for analyzing different aspects of the data at different stages of the visual analysis. The proposed concepts and methods are demonstrated in a number of case studies that are based on multi-run climate data and data from a multi-physics simulation.

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BibTeX

@phdthesis{kehrer11thesis,
  title = {Interactive Visual Analysis of Multi-faceted Scientific Data},
  author = {Johannes Kehrer},
  year = {2011},
  abstract = {Visualization plays an important role in exploring, analyzing
and presenting large and heterogeneous scientific data that arise in many 
disciplines of medicine, research, engineering, and others. We can see that 
model and data scenarios are becoming increasingly multi-faceted: data are 
often multi-variate and time-dependent, they stem from different data sources 
(multi-modal data), from multiple simulation runs (multi-run data), or from 
multi-physics simulations of interacting phenomena that consist of coupled 
simulation models (multi-model data). The different data characteristics 
result in special challenges for visualization research and interactive 
visual analysis. The data are usually large and come on various types of 
grids with different resolution that need to be fused in the visual analysis.

This thesis deals with different aspects of the interactive visual analysis 
of multi-faceted scientific data. The main contributions of this thesis are: 
1) a number of novel approaches and strategies for the interactive visual 
analysis of multi-run data; 2) a concept that enables the feature-based visual 
analysis across an interface between interrelated parts of heterogeneous 
scientific data (including data from multi-run and multi-physics simulations); 
3) a model for visual analysis that is based on the computation of traditional
and robust estimates of statistical moments from higher-dimensional multi-run 
data; 4) procedures for visual exploration of time-dependent climate data that 
support the rapid generation of promising hypotheses, which are subsequently 
evaluated with statistics; and 5) structured design guidelines for glyph-based 
3D visualization of multi-variate data together with a novel glyph. All these 
approaches are incorporated in a single framework for interactive visual analysis 
that uses powerful concepts such as coordinated multiple views, feature 
specification via brushing, and focus+context visualization. Especially the data 
derivation mechanism of the framework has proven to be very useful for analyzing 
different aspects of the data at different stages of the visual analysis. The 
proposed concepts and methods are demonstrated in a number of case studies that 
are based on multi-run climate data and data from a multi-physics simulation.},
  school = {Department of Informatics, University of Bergen, Norway},
  month = {Mar},
  URL = {http://www.ii.UiB.no/vis/team/kehrer/thesis/},
  ISBN = {978-82-308-1733-9},



}






 Last Modified: Jean-Paul Balabanian, 2014-06-18